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((((((((((((((((( WEBREFERENCE UPDATE NEWSLETTER ))))))))))))))))) November 23, 2000


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http://www.webreference.com http://www.webreference.com/new/ http://www.webreference.com/new/submit.html New this week on WebReference.com and the Web:

1. TWO CONTESTS: Signup & Win, Submit & Win! 2. FEATURED ARTICLE: The Judge Rules for "E-mail" with a Big "E" 3. NET NEWS: * Europe Nixes Software Patents * Analyze This: Carnivore is Not an Omnivore * If You Use Napster, You're Being Watched * Grab a Free Cab, Shop While You Ride

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ 1. TWO CONTESTS: Signup & Win, Submit & Win!

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This week, Meryl Evans returns by popular demand with even more information on on-line grammar. Or is that online? You'll have to read more to find out. Enjoy the software, Meryl!

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ 2. FEATURED ARTICLE: The Judge Rules for "E-mail" with a Big "E"

In the previous article, "I Say E-Mail, You Say Email," I received many responses from you, both positive and fuhgettaboutit! One reader opened my eyes and asked why I didn't check with the Chicago Manual of Style (CMS) or Strunk and White's Manual. I belong in jail for that. I should have checked those resources instead of listening to my wooden brain and thinking that there would be no techie (no, it's not in the dictionary, but I'm going to use it anyway) terms in these references.

Also, my using the Wired Style as a resource stirred up some controversy since some of you stated that it is not the authoritative resource for the English language on the technical side. That is true and I did use THE source this time (Webster, what else?). However, new words don't get into the dictionary quickly and the Internet is still young.

>Got the whole world in my handheld - revisited

Like a good girl, I did more research. My CMS is sorely outdated. I found the CMS Web site as well as the Merriam-Webster Dictionary Web site. I wrote to Webster about the term "handheld." The reply, "The word "palmtop" may not be "official" in the sense of having a dictionary entry. However, it is a word that is quite commonly used these days. That alone makes it a legitimate word." And Webster expects that it will be in a future edition of the dictionary based on its common use.

Furthermore, when an E-zine used "PDA" in one of its articles, I promptly wrote to the editor and argued the use of public display of affection in its non-lovey dovey (Whoops! I broke another rule.) article about the personal digital assistant. He stated that palmtop was not a word and public display of affection went out long ago. Sorry Charlie, as you saw previously, "palmtop" is acceptable. Now, as for PDA, Sir Webster had a good point that PC has stood for many things from politically correct to Peace Corps and of course, personal computer. He provided all the reasonable doubt I needed and PDA now means love in two ways: expressing love to another and protecting your handheld like the love of your life.

In conclusion, review your company's style guide, if it has one. If that fails, check with the dictionary and finally, common sense.


>This ain't no open and shut case

Ms. Meryl - Two Syllables and Not One, was correct in stating that it is "Web site" and not "website." Strangely enough, Mr. Webster complicated matters and didn't even have "Web site" listed! If you can't find a word combination in the dictionary, then it should remain open or you'll go to grammar jail for shutting it. The only Internet-related "Web" I could find was World Wide Web and it is big triple dubyas (in reference to George "dubya" Bush). Thus, this same formula should apply to "Web page" and "web head." As for "webmaster," my source at Webster said that it would likely to be in an upcoming edition as one word.

< internet="" uses="" proper="" case="" when="" used="" as="" one="" word="" like="" web="" or="" site="" but="" etc="" are="" lower="" some="" only="" referred="" to="" in="" its="" entirety="">

Also space out "home page," "end user," "pull down," "drop down," "mouse click," "in box," and "site map." The first two are in the dictionary just as I typed them. The rest aren't listed. Only "homepage" and "mouseclick" were listed in Wired's book and they recommend blending them though traditionalists would argue against this. Very gray area, indeed. Since there's no official word, use common sense and be consistent in your document.

The higher authority of lexicography AND Wired recognize these words as shut-ins: "upload," "download," "printout," and "bookmark." Now, are you using "upload" and "download" properly? I admit that I was a total dunce in the beginning about these two terms, but I've since become smart after joining Dilbert's DNRC (if you don't know what that is, then you're an induhvidual!). Anyway, "download" represents what you steal from another computer. In other words, most people downloaded MP3s and few uploaded. But without uploads, you'd have nothing to download! Got it? Good.


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>Hyphen Hype

Poor "on-line" has been out of line so many times with upper / lower case and minus / plus hyphens. Well, now the little feller (that's three, if you're counting my grammar violations) can cheer up since the Judge Webster said it is hyphenated. It isn't over until the fat lady sings, though. CMS and Wired editors favor "online" and the judge may change the law. The same applies for "E-mail" since it's becoming commonplace in our language that it may be blended to form a real word. Oh, you noticed I capitalized the "E?" That's right, the judge has spoken and he pronounced it "E-mail" and not "e-mail" unless you refer to it as a verb and then it can be "e."

Like E-mail, the hyphen applies to E-zine. Actually, it is not listed in the dictionary and I'm not about to write "E space zine" to follow the rule of open up if not in the dictionary. "Dial-up" and "user-friendly" are hyphenated. But Wired skips the dash in "dial up" and says use it as one word when it's an adjective. (Is your head spinning now?) I'll let you decide what to do.

Now, for the next weird case: "log on" and "log in" are open, but they are also referenced as "log-in" and "log-on." Like Wired, I think it should be "login" and "logon" and I've got my fingers crossed that the judge will change his mind and just shut the case in the next edition of the dictionary.

>Take UR (I plead creative license) URL for a whirl

How many times have you gotten a URL out of a magazine or newspaper and had to enter it multiple times before you got it right? That's what happens when a URL falls at the end of a line and gets cut off and rolled over to the next line (if it isn't already a typo). This is more confusing if there are hyphens in the URL or if the break occurs at a dot. The CMS proposes that you should break after a slash and it's better to place the dot at the beginning of the next line. Also, break the words between syllables and leave out the hyphen. It may help to display URLs differently like using angle brackets http://webreference.com>. This last suggestion helps avoid ending URLs with a period since the bracket adds sentence protection.


>How to plagiarize Web articles legally / William Safire, I'm not

No, you can't copy this article word for word, but you can quote it providing you give it an appropriate citation. If you decide you want to make a reference to this article (WOW! Me, quoted?), then here are the ways to do it according to the MLA Handbook. The rule of thumb is to have the author, title, date, and URL (or type of source: CD-ROM, personal E-mail). I'll make it easy for you:

You're reading it:

Evans, Meryl K. "The Judge Rules for "E-mail" with a Capital 'E.'" Webreference. Nov. 2000 http://webreference.com>.

If you were to take something from my home page, it would be:

Evans, Meryl K. Home Page. Nov. 2000 http://www.meryl.net/portfolio.html>.

If I manage to say something brilliant in a discussion list and you want to capture it, it would be done like so:

Evans, Meryl K. "I'm a Grammar Genius." Online posting. 23 Nov 2000. Webreference Mailing List. 24 Nov 2000 Nov. 2000 http://webreference.com/discussions/112400>.

Yes, I made up the URL, so don't try it out unless you want a 404. Instead of explaining it in detail (my hands are tired and the editors gave me an article length limit), go check it out at http://www.mla.org/style/sources.htm>.

http://nytsyn.com/newsservice/op-ed/safire2.html http://www.mla.org/style/sources.htm http://www.ifla.org/I/training/citation/citing.htm http://www.nlc-bnc.ca/iso/tc46sc9/index.htm

>Article is too long! Secure all posts!

Thanks to viruses and hackers, my company and many others are uptight (thinking of another two words in my head) about security and Internet surfing. The defendants may plead guilty, but the company learns that its connection is insecure. Or should that be "unsecure"? "Unsecure," sounds better, but the right term is "insecure." "Unsecure" is currently not recognized, but yet "unsecured" is found in the "un" list in the dictionary.

Again, check your organization's writing rules, go to a reference, and then use your noggin'. Now, I gotta run before I get caught especially for that last grammar violation! Just remember, "be consistent!"

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About the author:

Meryl Kaplan Evans is a free-lance writer to the Dallas Morning News, a TA for a Web development class at NYU, develops and maintains various Web sites for nonprofit organizations, a co- editor of a newsletter. And, oh yes, she's a part-time process analyst with a telecommunications company until a part-time webhead (yeah, I am using it as one word with no caps because I like it) job comes along and makes her a career webhead. She can easily be reached at meryl@onramp.net

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ 3. NET NEWS: Europe Nixes Software Patents, Analyze This: Carnivore is Not an Omnivore, If You Use Napster, You're Being Watched, Grab a Free Cab, Shop While You Ride

>Europe Nixes Software Patents

In a victory for open source advocates, most European countries vote not to extend the continent's patent system to cover most software. But the battle is far from over. http://www.wired.com/news/politics/0,1283,40329,00.html Wired.com, 001122

>Analyze This: Carnivore is Not an Omnivore

One week after the Federal Bureau of Investigation released some additional information about its Carnivore surveillance system, an independent reviewer said the tool pretty much does what the bureau said it does: monitor e-mail. http://www.internetnews.com/wd-news/article/0,,10_517151,00.html InternetNews.com, 001121

>If You Use Napster, You're Being Watched

Music-download site EMusic.com (EMUS) has announced that on Tuesday it started policing the controversial Napster music swapping community for songs it has licensed. http://www.thestandard.com/article/display/0,1151,20350,00.html TheStandard.com, 001121

>Grab a Free Cab, Shop While You Ride

Yahoo! launched some interesting promotions for its shopping portal, including a one-day opportunity for consumers to get a free cab ride in San Francisco while shopping the Web via mobile phones. http://www.internetnews.com/ec-news/article/0,,4_517791,00.html InternetNews.com, 001122

That's it for this week, see you next time.

Andrew King Managing Editor, WebReference.com update@webreference.com

Catherine Levy Assistant Editor, WebReference.com clevy@internet.com

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