webps - v .10 Release Notes | WebReference

webps - v .10 Release Notes

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webps Release Notes: v.10

By Dan Ragle

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[This is a release bulletin for webps. For general information about the script, including the latest release download, system requirements, etc., visit the webps main page.]

Welcome to the initial public release of webps! webps is a Web-based front-end to the familiar Linux/UNIX ps utility. With webps, administrators can pull up ps lists using only a Web browser from any Internet connected location.

About ps

If you're already familiar with ps, you might want to skip this section. But if you're among those who only know ps as a concluding comment that appears after the signature line on your E-mail, read on...

The ps command is typically executed from a Linux/UNIX command prompt, and provides (for the user) a listing of the current processes executing on the server at any given time. ps is most helpful to system administrators or their colleagues, because it helps them to diagnose existing or potential problems on their servers. For example, if your server suddenly comes to a complete standstill, ps (or the closely related top, see below for more) can potentially show the admin which process is hogging all the CPU juice.

By default, ps lists only the processes that you actually launched; but with a little prodding (and the right command line options, of course), ps can be coaxed into revealing a full list of all current processes on the machine. Furthermore, additional parameters have been added to the ps utility over time enabling the user to specify the exact information that they would like to see for each process listed, as well as filter out the listed processes by user or process id, among other options.

As an example, consider this ps list from my development server:

Example ps listing
A simple (and partial) ps listing

In this listing, I've chosen to display the process ID of each process, the parent process ID, the user ID number, the percentage of CPU time and memory utilized by this process, and the cumulative CPU time used by this process. Multiple options exist--depending on which version of ps you're running and on which operating system--enabling you to specify other fields and/or their format widths and column headers.

Closely related to ps is the top command, another console-based utility that provides much of the same information that ps provides, but in an automatically refreshing table. Top also (typically) provides a current snapshot of total CPU and memory usage.

About webps

webps is a Web-based front-end to the ps command line utility. It enables administrators to open a Web browser from anywhere they have an online connection, and retrieve a ps listing in their browser of the current processes executing on their Web server. Further, webps borrows an idea from the top utility as well, as webps includes an AJAX-based engine that enables it to automatically refresh the ps listing periodically in the user's browser without them having to refresh the entire browser display. Administrators retain full control over who can see what fields in webps; they can specify not only what users can access webps but also which fields each user is able to view in their browser (available fields can also be specified globally for all webps users).

If you'd like to see webps in action, have a look at our demo page, which allows you to login as a demo user and see a small subset of the available fields and processes on my development server. Once in the main screen, you can sort a particular column by clicking on its header at the top of the main display table. For example, in the following partial webps screen shot, we're sorting on the %MEM field:

webps, sorting by %mem
This webps listing is sorted in descending order
on the %mem field.

Clicking on the header repeatedly changes the sort on that field from ascending to descending, or vice versa.

You may also select which fields you want to include in the listing by selecting from the "Fields Available" table, which appears on the right side of the webps display:

the available fields table
Users select from the list
of available fields.

The currently selected fields are highlighted in bold. When you click on a field, you either remove it from the list or add it, depending on its current state. The fields appears in the main table immediately; the actual data for the fields will be filled in with the next data refresh from the server.

Many of the key features in webps are borrowed (either literally or algorithmically) from earlier Perl efforts that appear on other pages of this site. Some of webps' primary features include:

That last point brings up an important consideration both for webps and for all AJAX-based applications; which we'll explore in greater depth on the next page.

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Created: July 2, 2007
Revised: July 2, 2007

URL: http://webreference.com/programming/perl/webps/v.10/index.html