1. sql
  2. /references
  3. /select

SQL SELECT Statements


A SELECT statement in SQL is used to query a database and retrieve specific information from one or more tables. The basic syntax for a SELECT statement is as follows:

SELECT column1, column2
FROM table_name 
WHERE condition
  • The SELECT keyword is used to specify the columns that you want to retrieve from the table.
  • The FROM keyword is used to specify the table from which you want to retrieve data.
  • The WHERE keyword is used to filter the results based on a specified condition.

You can also use the SELECT statement to retrieve data from multiple tables using a JOIN clause. It also supports various aggregate functions, sorting, and grouping.

SELECT column1, column2 
FROM table1 
JOIN table2 
ON table1.id = table2.other_id_column 
WHERE condition


A SELECT statement can also have subqueries in it, For example:

SELECT column1, column2 (SELECT column3 FROM table2 WHERE condition) 
FROM table1 
WHERE condition

It also allows for a variety of clauses, such as GROUP BY, HAVING, and ORDER BY, which provide more specific control over the data that is retrieved from the database.

Best Practices

There are several best practices for using the SQL SELECT statement:

  • Use the SELECT statement to select only the columns that you need, rather than using SELECT * to select all columns. This can help improve query performance and reduce network traffic.

  • Use indexes to improve the performance of queries that filter rows based on specific conditions.

  • Use table aliases to make it easier to read and understand the SQL query, especially when dealing with complex queries that use multiple tables.

  • Avoid using SELECT DISTINCT unless it is absolutely necessary, as it can decrease performance due to the extra processing that it requires.

  • Use appropriate JOIN statements to retrive the data from multiple tables, rather than using sub-queries or union, as this will improve the query performance.